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六年级英语下册Unit 7《The mountain bike race(2)》

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六年级英语下册Unit 7《The mountain bike race(2)》


知识、技能:进行口语交际练习。对副词的用法进行整理、归纳和学习。能够理解和使用祈使句。
过程、方法:通过谈论某些体育运动的要求和注意事项,扩展了故事对体育运动规则的讨论范围,又以学校运动会竞赛项目为背景,贴近学生生活,易于让学生表达各自的想法。通过格局图片找到相应的祈使句的练习让学生关注祈使句的意义。学生在第一课时故事中接触,了解的基础上对副词的用法进行整理、归纳和学习。
情感、态度:培养学生参加与体育运动、锻炼身体的习惯,培养学生安全意识,学会在运动中保护自己。
重点:对于祈使句的理解和运用。
难点:副词的正确使用。


自行车家族(The family of bicycle)
(1)brake 刹车  (2)tire 轮胎
(3)seat 座位   (4)helmet 头盔
(5)pump 打气筒 (6)pedal 脚踏板
(7)handlebars 自行车把手


The mountain bike race
There is a mountain bike race in the neighborhood of Redrock Bay.Charlie invites Matt to enter.Matt is not sure at first.Then he decides to enter.He is very excited.When the day of the race comes,Matt and Charlie arrive early to check their bikes.
The race is about to start.The official is giving a warning.Matt and Charlie's friends are there to watch the race and cheer for them.Look!Charlie is riding well.He is going to win.But what is happening to Matt?
 

There is a mountain bike race in the neighborhood of Redrock Bay.Charlie invites Matt to enter.
Matt is not sure at first.
Then he decides to enter.He is very excited.
When the day of the race comes,Matt and Charlie arrive early to check their bikes.
The race is about to start.The official is giving a warning.
Matt and Charlie's friends are there to watch the race and cheer for them.
Look!Charlie is riding well.He is going to win.
But what is happening to Matt?


Charlie:Matt,there is a mountain bike race next Saturday.Here is an entry form.Do you want to enter?
Matt:I'm not sure.What are the rules?
Charlie:Well,you must be more than 10 years old.You must have a good mountain bike.You must mail the entry form before Wednesday.
Matt:OK.Anything else?
Charlie:You have to wear a helmet,knee and elbow pads,and cycling shoes.Come on,Matt,you're a good rider.Let's enter together.
Matt:OK.I guess so.Let's fill out the entry forms.
Assistant 1:You're numbers 23 and 24.Now you must check your bikes.Always check the tires before you ride.Never ride with a flat tire.
Assistant 2:Don't forget!All competitors must read the sign,too.
Official:Be careful.Yesterday it rained so the track is slippery.Don't skid,and watch out for puddles.
Sue:Go,Matt,go!
Daniel:Good luck,Charlie.You can do it!
Sue:Look!There's Charlie.He's going really fast.He's winning!
Lisa:But where's Matt?I can't see number 24.
Matt:There was a puddle.I skidded and crashed into a post.My ankle hurts.
Official:Don't move,Matt.I think we should take you to the hospital...


课文口语练习总结
1、询问(比赛)规则;
(1)What are the rules?
有哪些规则?(规则是什么)
2、作为参赛选手你的义务和责任;记住:have to 表示给予你的建议和劝告。
(1)You have to wear a helmet.
你不得不戴上头盔。
(2)You have to wear knee pads.
你不得不戴上护膝。
(3)You have to wear elbow pads.
你不得不戴上护肘。
3、参赛选手的必备条件;must 是表示必须的意思语气比have to更加强硬就是没有任何条件可以讲。
(1)You must be more than 10 years old.
你年龄必须不低于十岁。
(2)You must have a good bike.
你必须拥有一辆性能非常好的自行车。
4,鼓励某人(特别是你的朋友在参加某一项比赛时)你为他加油鼓劲!
(1)Go Matt,go!
Matt 加油!
(2)Good luck!
祝你好运
(3)You can do it!
你一定能行!你一定更够做到!
5,劝说某人做某事。
(1)Let's enter together.
让我们一起去参加吧。
(2)Come on,Matt,you're a good rider.
赶紧,Matt,你骑自行车的技术非常好。
6,劝说某人不要做某事。
(1)Don't move.不要动。
(2)Don't skid.不要打滑。
(3)No somking.禁止吸烟。
(4)No talking.禁止说话
(5)Don't play with fire.不要玩火
7,提醒某人做某事(或是赶紧做某事)。
(1)Be careful.当心、注意、小心
(2)Watch out for puddles.
当心水坑(尤其指路上的雨水坑)
(3)You must check your bikes.
你必须检查你的自行车。
(4)Always check the tires before you ride.
在骑行之前请反复检查轮胎。
(5)Never ride with a flat tire.
不要骑瘪了的轮胎(这里指漏了气的轮胎)
(6)Don't forget!All competitors must read the sign,too.
不要忘了!所有的参赛者都必须看懂(理解)指示牌。
8,叙述比赛(报名)的截止日期。
(1)You must mail the entry form before Wednesday.
在星期三之前你必须以电子邮件的形式把报名表寄过去。


副词 adverbs
1,副词,本单元共6个。
(1)规则的;(以-ly结尾)
quick——quickly;slow——slowly;bad——badly
快的、迅速的——迅速地、立即;
慢的、低速的——缓慢地、迟缓地;
坏的、劣质的——拙劣地、有害地
(2)以原型不变的副词形式
hard——hard;fast——fast 硬的、坚固的——努力地、坚固地;快的、迅速的——迅速地、紧紧地
(3)特殊的形式
good——well 良好的、聪明的——好、满意地


Write the adverbs.
1.He is a fast rider.He rides___.
2.Tom is a hard worker.He works____.
3.It is a slow train.It moves____.
4.Lily is a quick piano learner.She learns____.
5.Mary is a good sinfer.She sings____.


must 和 have to的区别。
(1)Must用于一般现在时和一般将来时,在其他形式中用“have to”来代替。
(2)在意思上;must;“必须”“应当”have to;“不得不”。
have to 有时带有一些勉强和无奈,因为那不是自愿的。而在这个单元have to是指你有义务有责任做某件事情。表示劝告和建议(语气没有must强烈)。下面我将举几个例子来让大家更好的理解。have to和must的区别。


I have to feed the fish every morning.
我每天在上不得不喂鱼(你有义务有责任喂鱼)。
I have to do the chores every day.
我每天不得不做家务(作为家庭成员你有责任有义务做家务)。
You have to wear a helmet.
你不得不带上头盔。(本单元的句子)作为参加山地车的比赛选手你有义务更有责任戴上头盔来保护自己的安全!
must 的意思是“必须”(语气比have to更强硬)就是说没有任何可以商量的余地。你必须这样做。尤其是在这个单元中的各种规则中我们可以多次见到!比如;
You must be more than 10 years old.
你必须在10岁以上(作为山地车参赛选手你的年龄必须在10岁以上)10岁以下绝对没有参赛资格。这是必须的,没有任何商量的余地!
You must have a good mountain bike.
你必须拥有一辆性能较好的山地车。


同学们请注意这是一场The mountain bike race 是山地车比赛,赛道肯定是只适合山地车的。而如果你拿轻便车甚至是折叠车去参加比赛,你肯定会被主办方取消比赛资格。Because this is a rule 因为这就是规则!


Rules for Riding Bicycles
What are the rules about the race?
1.You must be more than 10 years old.
2.You must have a good mountain bake.
3.You must mail the entry form before Wednesday.
4.You have to wear a helmet,knee and elbow pads,and cycling shoes.
5.You must check the tires before you ride.
6.You must read the sign.
7.Use your brakes.
8.Stay on the track.
9.Don't ride too close to other bikes.
10.Don't skid and watch out for the puddles.


sports meeting
运动会
Can you tell me the rules of the sports meeting?
You must be more than 10 years old.
You have to wear sports shoes.
You must be there on time.
You must do warm-up exercise.
You must pass the finish line.
You must track on your own track.


marathon race 马拉松比赛
马拉松赛是一项长跑比赛项目,其距离为42.193公里。这个比赛的距离的确定要从公元前490年的一场战役讲起。战役是波斯人和雅典人在离雅典不远的马拉松海边发生的,史称希波战争,雅典人最终获得了胜利。为了让故乡人民尽快知道胜利的喜讯,统帅米勒狄派一个叫斐里庇得斯的士兵回去报信。斐里庇得斯是个有名的“飞毛腿”,为了让故乡人早知道好消息,他一个劲地快跑,当跑到雅典时,已喘不过气来,只说了一句“我们胜利了!”就倒在地上死了。
为了纪念这一事件,在1896年举行的现代第一届奥林匹克运动会上,设立了马拉松赛跑这个项目,把当年斐里庇得斯送信跑的里程——42.193公里作为赛跑的距离。
马拉松原为希腊的一个地名。在雅典东北30公里。其名源出腓尼基语marathus,意即“多茴香的”,因古代此地生长众多茴香树而得名。体育运动中的马拉松赛跑就得名于此。
The modern marathon race is about 26 miles.
现代马拉松比赛大约26英里。
It usually takes people more than 2 hours to finish.
通常人们需要两个多小时跑完马拉松。
It is in memory of a great ancient Greek soldier.
比赛时为了纪念一个伟大的希腊士兵。
He ran 42 kilometers to Athens to send very important news.
为了送去非常重要的消息,他跑了42千米的路到雅典。
He died after he told the news.
说完消息他就死了。


在日常生活中我们在乘坐交通工具时需要遵守的交通规则。
(1)On a bus you mustn't talk to the driver.
在乘坐公交车时,请你不要和司机谈话。
(2)On a train you mustn't put your head out of the window.
在乘坐火车时,请你不要讲头和手伸出窗外。
(3)On a bike you must wear a helmet.
在骑自行车的时候,请你戴上头盔。
(4)In a car you must wear a seatbelt.
在坐小汽车的时候,请系上安全带。
(5)On a plane you mustn't walk around during landing.
在乘坐飞机的时候,当飞机在跑道上滑行的时候你不准在机舱内到处走动。
(6)On a boat you must wear a lifejacket.
在坐船的时候,你必须穿上救生衣。


Let's know some signs.
禁止吸烟 No Smoking
请保持安静
SILENCE!安静!
No talking!不许讲话!
Don't walk on the grass.
WET PAINT!油漆未干!
Don't touch!不许触摸!
Smile!笑一个!
红灯停,绿灯行。
Stop     Go


Homework
1.Finish the listening and matching exercises on your book.
2.Talk about the experience of your learning to ride.
3.Talk about one of the sports you ever took part in and tell us the rules of them.

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