My friend gave me an interesting book on my birthday.
An interesting book was given to me(by my friend) on my birthday.
I was given an interesting book(by my friend) on my birthday.
The boss made him work all day long.
He was made to work all day long(by the boss).
The children were taken good care of(by her).
Your pronunciation and spelling should be paid attention to.
4.情态动词和be going to,be to,be sure to,used to,have to,had better等结构变被动语态,只需要将它们后面的动词原形变为be+过去分词。
People say he is a smart boy.
=It is said that he is a smart boy.
=He is said to be a smart boy.
People know paper was made in China first.
=It is known that paper was made in China first.
=Paper was known to be made in China first.
类似巨型有:It is said/known/suggested/believed/hoped/thought that…
2.表示状态的谓语动词,如:last,hold,benefit,,contain,equal,fit,join,mean,cost,look like,consist to等。
This kind of cloth washes easily.这种布易洗。
These novels won't sell well.这些小说不畅销。
My pen writes smoothly.我的钢笔写起来很流畅。
The door won't lock,门锁不上。
The fish smells good.鱼闻起来香。
2.当break out,take place,shut off,turn off,work out等动词表示“发生、关闭、制定”等意思时。
The plan worked out successfully.
The lamps on the wall turn off.
4.be worth doing用主动形式表示被动含义。
This kind of water isn't fit to drink.
The girl isn't easy to get along with.
另外:be to blame(受谴责),be to rent(出租)也用主动形式表被动。
He is seated on a bench.
(He seats himself on a bench.)
He was hidden behind the door.
(He hid himself behind the door.)他藏在后门。
5.be dressed(in sth)穿着…
The girl was dressed in a red short skirt.