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高中英语二轮复习《英语情景交际用语》

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《英语情景交际用语》

常见交际用语归纳

1.问候
   a.Good morning/afternon/evening.Hello/Hi!
   b.How are you?
   c.Fine,thank you.And you?/Very well,thank you.
 
2.介绍
   a.This is Mr./Miss/Mrs……
   b.How do you do?Nice/Glad to see/meet you.
   c.My name is…I'm a student/worker,etc.(here)

3.告别
   a.I think it's time for us to leave now.
   b.Goodbye !(Bye-bye!Bye!)see you later/tomorrow.

4.打电话
   a.Hello!May I speak to…?
   b.Hold on,please.He/She isn't here right now.Can I take a message for you?
   c.I'm calling to tell/ask you…Goodbye.

5.答谢和应答
   a.Thank you(very much)/Thanks a lot.Many thanks.Thanks for…
   b.Not at all. You're welcome.
     —It's a pleasure./My Pleasure./That's OK./That's all right./Don't mention it.

6.祝愿、祝贺和应答
   a.Good luck!Best wishes to you.Have a nice/good time. Congratulations!
   b.Thank you.
   c.Happy New Year!/Merry Christmas!/Happy birthday to you.
   d.The same to you.

7.意愿
    I'm going to…I will…
    I'd like to…I want/I hope to…

8.道歉和应答
   a.I'm sorry.(Sorry.)I'm sorry for/about…Excuse me.
   b.That's all right.It doesn't matter.That's nothing.
     —That's OK./Never mind./Forget it.

9.遗憾和同情
   What a pity!I'm sorry to hear……

10.邀请和应答
   a.Will you come to…?  Would you like to…?
   b.Yes,I'd love to… Yes,it's very kind of you/nice of you.
   c.I'd love to,but…

11.提供(帮助等)和应答
   a.Can I help you? What can I do for you? Here,take this/my…Let me…for you.Would you like some…?
   b.Thanks.That would be nice/fine.Thank you for your help.Yes,please.
   c.No,thanks/thank you.That's very kind of you.but……

12.请求允许和应答
   a.May I…?Can/Could I…?
   b.Yes/Certainly.Yes,do please.Of course(you may)./Yes,go ahead,please.
   c.I'm sorry,but…You'd better not.

13.表示同意和不同意
   a.Certainly/Sure/Of course.Yes,please.Yes,I think so.That's true.All right/OK.That's true.All right/OK.That's a good idea.I agree(with you)./Why not?
Great,exactly,definitely,absolutely/I couldn't agree more./by all means
   b.No,I don't think so.I'm afraid not.I really can't agree with you./by no means

14.表示肯定和不肯定
   a.I'm sure.I'm sure(that)…
   b.I'm not sure.
   c.Maybe/Perhaps.

15.喜好和厌恶
   a.I like/love…very much.I like/love to…
   b.I don't like(to)…I hate(to)…

16.谈论天气
a.What's the weather like today?How's the weather in…?
b.It's fine/cold/windy/rainy,etc.It's rather warm/cold/hot,etc.today,isn't it?

17.购物
a.What can I do for you?May/Can I help you?
b.I want/I'd like…How much is it?=What's the price of it?That's too much/expensive,I'm afraid.That's fine.I'll take it.Let me have…kilo/box,ect.
c.How many/much do you want?What color/size/kind/do you want?
d.Do you have any other kind/size/color,etc.?

注意:情景交际解题要注意“四忌”
1.忌上词下用;       2.忌中文思维;
3.忌直接回绝;       4.忌答非所问。

 

 

 

 

 

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范老师

女,中教中级职称

范丽丽,市级骨干教师,多次获省市级青年教师比赛一等奖。

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