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高中英语二轮复习《英语书面表达解题步骤、关于作文中的用词、怎样使用复杂结构》

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《英语书面表达解题步骤、关于作文中的用词、怎样使用复杂结构》

英语书面表达解题步骤

一、仔细审题。
确定体裁、格式、主要时态、人称等。

二、写要点。
确定文章要点,用关键的英文或词组列出一个简要提纲,确保文章内容的完整性、条理性。

三、连句成文。
注意写好每段的中心,核心段落的主题句及结尾,句子、段落间的衔接过渡。

四、查错漏。
检查一下有没有失态,语态,标点、拼写、大小写等错误并逐一加以改正。最后检查文章字数是否合乎要求。

五、卷面整洁。
卷面整洁干净甚至比准确,通顺,简洁更重要。因为整洁干净给阅卷人精神上带来愉悦,相对而言,分数自然要给得高一些。
   为了帮助同学们在平时写作练习的时候时刻牢记下面写作的基本要领:
仔细审题,巧妙构思,罗列要点,谨防遗漏。牢记应用文格式。图表作文要仔细梳理,写人记事一定按顺序构思;完稿后注意查漏补缺,卷面整洁干净。

关于作文中的用词

    使用高级词汇或者短语,如果仅仅记住几个简单基础的词汇,而且一味的重复低水平的 英语知识点,还远远不够。这就要求同学们在平时的训练和考试当中,有意识地强化“复杂,高级”这两个概念,使自己的作文能力区别于普通学生的作文,使自己一下子就站在一个比别人高的位置上,充分显示自己的实力。

    学习过程中注意总结各种各样的词汇。要善于变化语言表达形式,下面这些词或词组均有不同表达形式,如:表达爱好可使用like,love,be interested in,be fond of…,show great interest in等。表达讨厌可使用hate,dislike,be tired of,lose interest in…等。表达高兴可以使用happy,excited,pleased,satisfied等。

怎样使用复杂结构:

1.改变时态
The bell is ringing now.(一般)
There goes the bell.(高级)

2.改变语态
People suggest that the conference be put off.(一般)
It is suggested that the conference be put off.(高级)

3.使用不定式
He is so kind that he can help me.(一般)
He is so kind as to help me.(高级)

4.使用过去分词
She walked out of the room and many students followed her.(一般)
Followed by many students,she…(高级)
Once it is seen ,it can never be forgotten.(一般)
Once seen,it can……(高级)

5.使用v-ing形式
When he arrives please give me an e-mail.(一般)
On his arriving/arrival,please give…(高级)
If the weather permits,I'll come tomorrow.(一般)
Weather permitting,I'll come tomorrow.(高级)
Now our school has three teachers.They teach 48 pupils.(一般)
Now our School has three teachers,teaching 48 pupils.

6.使用名词性从句
It disappointed everybody that he didn't turn up.(一般)
The fact that he didn't turn up disappointed everybody.(高级)
I happened to have met him.(一般)
It happened that I had met him.(高级)
To his surprise,the little girl knows so many things.(一般)
What surprised him is that the girl…(高级)

7.使用状语从句
I won't believe what he says.(一般)
No matter what he says,I won't believe.(高级)
If you come back before six o'clock,you can go out.(一般)
You can go out on condition that you come back before…(高级)
The meal was very nice.We all enjoyed it very much.(一般)
The meal was so nice that we all……(高级)

8.使用定语从句
The girl is spoken highly of.Her composition was well written.(一般)
The girl whose composition was well written was spoken highly of.(高级)
I studied Chinese,maths,English,physics,chemistry and computer at school.(一般)
The subjects I studied at school included Chinese,maths,English…(高级)

9.使用强调句、倒装句、感叹句
Regular radio broadcasts began in 1920.(一般)
It was not until 1920 that regular.(高级)
Though I'm weak,I will make the effort.(一般)
We were glad to see the crops and vegetables growing very well.(一般)
How glad we were to see the crops and…!(高级)

10.使用并列句
When he spoke,he felt more and more excited.(一般)
The more he spoke,the more excited he felt.(高级)
I got up late this morning.I didn't catch the early bus.(一般)
I got up late this morning,otherwise I could have caught the early bus.(高级)


 

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