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七年级英语上册Module 2《The natural world》Unit 3 The Earth(Grammar, Speaking)

课程内容


《The Earth--Grammar, Speaking》
Grammar

A Countable and uncountable nouns
Things on the Earth
animal     rubbish     pollution
light     land     field     sea
water     food     river     place
mountain     air     forest     plant
How can we divide these things?
Countable nouns:
animal     place     river
mountain     field     forest     plant
Uncountable nouns:
light     pollution     air     rubbish
land     water     sea     food
Countable and uncountable nouns
In English,we can count some things,e.g.rivers and mountains,We cannot count other things,e.g.water and air.

 Countable nouns   Uncluntable nouns
 one animal,two animals  some rubbish
 I have a world map at home.   All plants need light and water.
 There is an article about the Earth.
 This plant is beautiful.   Air has no smell.
 These animals are dangerous  Water is important.
              
Work out the rule
(Countable/Uncountable)nouns can have plurals.
We can use a or an before(countable/uncountable)nouns
Uncountable nouns only take(singular/plural)verbs.

Grammar exercises
A1 Read the sentences below and decide whether the nouns in italics are countable or uncountable.Write the words in the correct columns.
1.There is grass in a forest.
2.Do not throw rubbish into the river.
3.The air is fresh in the mountains.
4.The flowers are beautiful.Let me take a photo.
5.We should drink water every day.Here is a glass for you.
countable:
forest   river   mountains   flowers   photo
uncountable:
grass   rubbish   air
A2 In pairs,ask and answer questions about each photo.Follow the example.
1.bottle/milk        2.box/egg
3.bowl/rice          4.glass/water
5.bag/apple          6.cup/coffee
S1:What's this?
S2:It's a bottle.
S1:What's inside it?
S2:Some milk.
S1:What are these?
S2:They're boxes.
S1:What's inside them?
S2:Some eggs.
a glass of milk     two bowls of rice       three cups of tea
We use them with(countable/uncountable)nouns.

B Using there is/are...
Can you describe the pictures above with the sentence pattern below?
There is/are __________ on the table.
We often use there is ...or there are...to say that something exists somewhere.
There is  a beautiful world under the water.
          a lot of pollution on Earth.
Is there any water in the glass?
Yes,there is./No,there isn't.
There are different plants and animals on Earth.
Are there five apples in the bag?
Yes,there are.No,there aren't.
Work out the rule
We use ________ with a singular noun or an uncountable noun.
We use ________ with a plural noun.
Things to remember
there is=there's
there is not=there isn't
there are not=there aren't
Note the difference below:
There is a glass of water and three apples on the table.
There are three apples and a glass of water on the table.
There be句型be动词的单复数取决于紧挨着be的名词的单复数。也称就近原则。

Grammar exercise
Jane is asking Danny about what they can do to help project the sea.Complete their conversation with there is (not),is there,there are or are there.
Jane: _______ pollution in the sea.What can we do to help protect the sea?
Danny:_______ many things we can do.We can have a beach clean-u day,You see,______ always many bottles on the beaches.They pollute the sea.
Jane: That's a good idea!What else can we do?
Danny:We can ask people not to eat shark fin soup._____ a seafood restaurant near       your home?
Jane: No,_______._______ any other things we can do to help?
glass     class     park     aunt     heart
horse     small     warm     autumn     draw     door
book     wolf     put     foot     could
boot     who     ruler     fruit     shoe
/k/         /g/
class       glass
coat        goat
cap         gap

Read after the tape
colour     must     other     under
after     banana     card     large
doctor     on     want     wash
all     August     four     horse
could    full     blue     food
put     wood     pollute     shoe
clever      clock     cook     keep
bag     dog     good     grass
A2 Read these sentences.Pay attention to the letters in bold.
1 I love my brother's drum.
2 I asked my father for a banana.
3 I want to wash some socks.
4 I saw four horses at the door?
5 He took a look at the cook.
6 Whose blue shoes are those?
7 The clever cat caught the chickren.
8 A girl sat on the green grass with her dog.

Speak up
In pairs,talk about what we can do to protect the Earth.
Follow the example.
S1:What can we do to protect the Earth?
S2:We must stop polluting the air.
S1:Are there any other things we can do?
S2:We can take our own shopping bags to the supermarket.

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