《The Earth--Grammar, Speaking》
A Countable and uncountable nouns
Things on the Earth
animal rubbish pollution
light land field sea
water food river place
mountain air forest plant
How can we divide these things?
animal place river
mountain field forest plant
light pollution air rubbish
land water sea food
Countable and uncountable nouns
In English,we can count some things,e.g.rivers and mountains,We cannot count other things,e.g.water and air.
one animal,two animals
I have a world map at home.
All plants need light and water.
There is an article about the Earth.
This plant is beautiful.
Air has no smell.
These animals are dangerous
Water is important.
Work out the rule
(Countable/Uncountable)nouns can have plurals.
We can use a or an before(countable/uncountable)nouns
Uncountable nouns only take(singular/plural)verbs.
A1 Read the sentences below and decide whether the nouns in italics are countable or uncountable.Write the words in the correct columns.
1.There is grass in a forest.
2.Do not throw rubbish into the river.
3.The air is fresh in the mountains.
4.The flowers are beautiful.Let me take a photo.
5.We should drink water every day.Here is a glass for you.
forest river mountains flowers photo
grass rubbish air
A2 In pairs,ask and answer questions about each photo.Follow the example.
S2:It's a bottle.
S1:What's inside it?
S1:What are these?
S1:What's inside them?
a glass of milk two bowls of rice three cups of tea
We use them with(countable/uncountable)nouns.
B Using there is/are...
Can you describe the pictures above with the sentence pattern below?
There is/are __________ on the table.
We often use there is ...or there are...to say that something exists somewhere.
There is a beautiful world under the water.
a lot of pollution on Earth.
Is there any water in the glass?
Yes,there is./No,there isn't.
There are different plants and animals on Earth.
Are there five apples in the bag?
Yes,there are.No,there aren't.
Work out the rule
We use ________ with a singular noun or an uncountable noun.
We use ________ with a plural noun.
Things to remember
there is not=there isn't
there are not=there aren't
Note the difference below:
There is a glass of water and three apples on the table.
There are three apples and a glass of water on the table.
Jane is asking Danny about what they can do to help project the sea.Complete their conversation with there is (not),is there,there are or are there.
Jane: _______ pollution in the sea.What can we do to help protect the sea?
Danny:_______ many things we can do.We can have a beach clean-u day,You see,______ always many bottles on the beaches.They pollute the sea.
Jane: That's a good idea!What else can we do?
Danny:We can ask people not to eat shark fin soup._____ a seafood restaurant near your home?
Jane: No,_______._______ any other things we can do to help?
glass class park aunt heart
horse small warm autumn draw door
book wolf put foot could
boot who ruler fruit shoe
Read after the tape
colour must other under
after banana card large
doctor on want wash
all August four horse
could full blue food
put wood pollute shoe
clever clock cook keep
bag dog good grass
A2 Read these sentences.Pay attention to the letters in bold.
1 I love my brother's drum.
2 I asked my father for a banana.
3 I want to wash some socks.
4 I saw four horses at the door？
5 He took a look at the cook.
6 Whose blue shoes are those?
7 The clever cat caught the chickren.
8 A girl sat on the green grass with her dog.
In pairs,talk about what we can do to protect the Earth.
Follow the example.
S1:What can we do to protect the Earth?
S2:We must stop polluting the air.
S1:Are there any other things we can do?
S2:We can take our own shopping bags to the supermarket.