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七年级英语下册Module 4 nit 7 Poems(Grammmar, Listening and Speak up)

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《Colourful life》Unit 7 Poems(Grammmar, Listening and Speak up)
Grammar A

Imperatives
Read the floowing sentences and tell their meanings.
Open the door,Daisy.
Don't open the door,Daisy.
Let's make a million smiles.
Be quiet,girls.
Don't be late again!
When do we use these sentences?
We use these sentences to give orders or advice.
Know about the imperatives
We use imperatives to give orders or advice.There are positive and nnegative imperatives.
Open the door,Daisy.
Don't opem the door,Daisy.
Let's make million animals
Things toremember
We can use please in imperatives.
It is more polite.
Please turn off your phone.
Turn off phone please.
We need to add be before adjectives whn use them as imperatives.
Be quiet,girl.
Don't be late again.
Work out the rule
We use the base form of a verb in a (positive/negative) imperative.
In a (positive/negative) imperative,we use don't before the base form of the verb.

Imperatives
I.定义:表示请求、命令、警告、建议等的句子。在祈使句中,一般以动词原形开头,通常省略主语you,句末可以用感叹号或句号。
II.祈使句的句式结构

 祈使句句式   肯定形式   否定形式
 P型:Please+动词原形+其他  Please sit down!   Please don't throw it like that.
 V型:动词原形+其他  Put away your things.  Don't open the window.
 L型:Let+宾语+动词原形+其他  Let me help you.  Don't let him go there.或Let him not go there.
 B型:Be+表语  Be careful!  Don't be late for class
 N型:No+名词/动名词(全部大写)    NO,PHOTOS!
NO,SMOKING!
                 
bring   close   cat   sleep   speak louder   turn to
1 Bill is eating in class.
Don't eat in class,Bill.
2 Rose left the dooe open on a windy say.
Close the door,Rose.
3 Jane is answering a question in a low voice.
Speak louder,Jane.
4 James is sleeping at his desk.
Don't sleep in class,James.
5 Steven is looking at page 47.He should look at page 74.
Turn to page 74,Steven.
6 Maryy brought her per mouse to school.
Don't bring pets to school,Mary.

Grammar B
Exclamations
Use exclamations to show strong feelings or for emphasis!
Read and think
Here are a few sentences to show the feelings.
The flowers are so beautiful.
The weather is bad.
We are lucky.
Time passes quickly.
The stars are beautiful.
Learn to use exclamations
Sometimes we say sentences with emphasis and strong feelings.These sentences are called exclamations.
What+(a/an)+adjective+noun+subject_verb+!
How+adjective/adverb+subject+verb+!
Exclamations
This is how we make an exclamation:
It is beautiful flower.
They are beautiful flowers.
1.What+(a/an)+adjective+noun+subject_verb+!
What a eautiful flower it is!
beautiful flowers they are!
The flowers is beautful.
The flowers are beautiful.
2.How+adjective/adverb+subject+verb+!
How beautiful the flower is!
the flowers are!
Here are a few more examples of exclamations.They can enhence the feelings of the original sentences.
What an interesting poem it is!
What beautiful flowers they are!
What bad weather it is!
How lucky we are!
How quickly the time passed!
How bright the stars are!
More about exclamations
We can use a word or phrase as an exclamation,such as Oh no!or Lovely!We can also a word or phrase with what or how to show strong feelings.
They are the shortened forms of exclamations.
What an interesting poem!        How lucky!
What beautiful flowers!          How fast!
What bad weather!                How bright!

三 What、How的判断方法
What修饰名词,how修饰形容词,但当名词前还有形容词时就容易判断错。
如(  )beautiful flowers!
我们知道,感叹句也是句子,只不过把强调部分放在句首。因此它也应该有主语和位于,有时候主语和谓语被省略了,我们可以把主语和谓语补上。
What a lovely day!
What a lovely day it is!
What beautiful flowers!
What beautiful flowers they are!
What important news it is!
How fast!
How fast it goes!
How beautiful the flowers are!
How fast the boat is!
仔细观察后你就会发现,在感叹句的主语钱若还有名词存在时,用what来引导;
在感叹句的主语前若无名词时,则用How来引导。
但在“How+形容词+a/an+名词单数+主谓!”中不可用what,因为此句中强调了形容词。
How naughty a boy your brother is!

四 练习
What wonderful ideas we have!
What cold weather it is!
How cold the weather is!

陈述句变为感叹句的方法
把一个陈述句变为感叹句时,常使用“一分二加三换位四去掉”的方法。
第一步:“一分”,即在谓语动词后面画一双竖线,使句子分为两部分。如:
He is a very honest boy.他是一个诚实的孩子。
Li Lei works very hard.李雷学习很刻苦。
第二步:“二加”,即如果第二部分的中心词是名词,就加上what;
如果是形容词或副词,就加上how。
如:He is (what) a very honest boy.
Li Lei works (how) very hard.
第三步:“三换位”,即把第一部分与第二部分互换位置,句号换位感叹号
如:
What a very honest boy he is!
How very hard Li Lei works!
第四步:“四去掉”即原陈述句含有very,too等程度副词时,在变成感叹句时要去掉。
以上两个句子就应该变为以下形式:
What an honest boy he is!
How hard Li Lei works!
将下列句子改为感叹句,注意what,how的使用及词序:
1.The classroom is clean.
2.The elephant is very heavy.
3.She is a happy girl.
将下列句子改为感叹句:
1.It is quite a nice present!
What a nice present!
2.We have fine weather today.
What fien weather we have today!
3.It's sunny today.
What a sunny day it is today!
In pairs,check each other's answer to exercises B1 and B2 on page 96.
B1 Review the entences below using exclamations with what or how.
1 You are wearing an old shirt.
What an old shirt you are wearing!
2 The boys are very excited.
How excited the boys are!
3 They are friendly people.
What friendly people they are!/How friendly they (those people) are!
4 She studies very hard.
How hard she studies!
B2 Lisa and Bob are talking about their friends.Complete their conversation with the exclamations from the box.
Oh no!       How wonderful!         What a lovely baby!
Lisa:Tom won the first prize in the peech competition.
Bob:_________ He must be very happy.
Lisa:Yes,But Jeff hurt his leg when he played basketball.
Bob:________________ How is he feeling now?
Lisa:He's feeling better.By the way,our Maths teacher bad a baby last      month.Look,here's a picture.
Bob:Wow!____________
Before you listen
A Do you know the meaning of these words?match the words with the faces below.
angry     bored      excited     sad
B Listen to four short poems.How does the boy/girl feel in each of the poems?
Choose one of four words from A for each poem.
Work in group of six.Each student in a group should read a part of the poem as instructed.Now read this poem loud in your group.

Two frightening things
Two frightening things are in a house.
One's a man.
One's a mouse.
Squeak squeak!
I heard a noise!I know,I'm sure.
I've heard that noise three times before.
Boom boom.
What's that?It's coming near.
I hope it doesn't find me here.
Squeak squeak!
That noise again.Oh,where's my dad?
I know that noise is something bad!
Boom boom!
The monster's here!This isn't fun.
Now's the time for me to RUN!
And then the mouse and the man meet.
The mouse jumps on the man's feet!
Eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee!
Aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaah!
A mouse!
A man!
Two frightened things run form the house.
One's a man.
One's a mouse.

Activities about the poems
Here are some activities to help you understand the poems better.
Choose one to show your understanding of the poems in this unit.
Activity list
My dad
The old newspaper seller
Two frightening things
Helping hands
用颜色表现诗歌传递的情绪。
用图画表现诗歌表达的意境。
问一些问题,可以帮助读者学习如何欣赏评价这首歌
找一首熟悉的符合诗歌传递情绪的乐曲,配上诗歌,演唱出来。
小组成员配合,用朗读的方式把诗歌的情感正确充分地表现出来。
What to do:
Find the students with the same interest to form a group to finish one activity from the list.
Have a discussion about how you are going to finish the activity.
Give a presentation of your group's activity.

Homework
1.大声朗读教材中的感叹句。
2.完成教材中第96页中B1,B2部分的练习。
3.结合校规,用祈使句为学校写一写英文提示标语,要用礼貌的表达方式。
4.完成《练习册》第99至101页Grammar的练习。

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周老师

女,中教中级职称

英语专业八级,优秀教师,在教学工作中,善用现代教育技术手段辅助教学,以提高课堂教学效率,教学成绩突出。

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