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七年级英语下册Module 4 Unit 7 Poems(Talk time, Writing, Study Skills)

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《Colourful life》Unit 7 Poems(Talk time, Writing, Study Skills)
Talk time

WORD STRESS
When we say words of more than one syllable,we stress one to of the syllables.Listen to the word and try to hear the word stress
important

Exercise
A1 Say these two-syllable words and stress the first syllable.
always   building   narrow   over   people
A2 Say these two-syllable words and stress the second syllable.
around   begin   cartoon   myself   today
When we say words of three or more syllable,we usually stress either the first syllable or the second syllable.
A3 Say these three-syllable words and stress the first syllable.
basketball   cinema   difficult   superman
A4 Say these-syllable words and stress the second syllable.
delicious   direction   important   October
Most words of three or more syllables have stress on the first or the second syllable.However,some have the main stress on a later syllable.
A5 Say these words and stress the third syllable.
disagree   engineer   exclamation   magazine

单音节次重音
单音节词单独念时一律要重读,但在单独注音时不必加重音符号。
cup[kʌp]
wife[waɪf]
双音节词重音
a)一般在第一个音节重读;
letter     sorry     English
movement     exercise
双音节词重音
b)a-,be-,de-,re-,res-,in-,im-,en-,em-,es-,ex-,con-,dis-,mis-,pre-,per-,pro-,trans-等前缀的词,第二个音节是重音;
about     believe     address
decide     compare     inform
discuss     impress     mistake
c)有de-,in-im-,re-,con-,pre-,pro-,o-等前缀的重音与词义和词类有关,一般名词的重音在第一个音节上,其它的词性在第二个音节上:
'record--re'cord          'insult--in'sult
'conduct--con'duct        'present--pre'sent
'desert--de'sert          'important--im'port
'produce--pro'duce        'object--bo'ject
d)有些复合词和带有前缀re-,ex-,un-,pre-,post-,teen等的词,有两个重音:
'out'side       're'tell         'well-'known
'un'real        'four'teen       'Chi'ness
'pre-'war       'post-'war       'ex'change
多音节词重音
a)一般倒数第三个音节是重音:
'difficult       'communist         'family
e'conomy         'exercise          'interesting
oppor'tunity     de'mocarcy         possi'bility

Study skills
Making notes(1):
Using abbreviations
Know about abbreviations
Sometimes we turn words into shorter forms,so we can write them more quickly,We call these shorter forms abbreviations.
Abbreviations
缩略词(abbreviations)是英语词语的缩略形式,即用英文单词中重要的字母来代表整个单词的意义。缩略词在记笔记中是很有用的,积累一定量的缩略词,可以提高记录的效率。
Brainstorm
Do you know any abbreviations?
e.g.=for example     VOA(Voice of America)美国之音
No.=number           NY纽约
i.e.=that is         ABC澳大利亚广播公司
etc.=et ectera       BBC(British broadcasting company)英国广播公司
1st=first            IBM国际商用电器公司
2nd=second           IT(information technology)信息技术
∵=because           CIA中央情报局
∴=therefore         MIT麻省理工大学
△=replace           IE--网络浏览器(Internet Explorer);
&=and                BBs---电子布告栏系统
edu=education        LAN---局域网(Local Area Network);
PE体育               MAN---城域网(Metropolitan Area Network);
CBA中国篮球协会      WAN---广域网(WIde Area Network);

一级域名:
.com:表示商业机构
.net:表示网络服务机构
.org:表示非营利性组织
.gov:表示政府机构
.mil:表示军事机构
.biz:表示商业机构
.name:表示个人网站
.info:表示信息提供
.mobi:专用手机域名

time:
AD/A.D.公元,BC/B.C.公元前
hr小时
a.m.上午
p.m.下午

量词
km千米,公里
ft英尺
m米
cm厘米
mm毫米
kg千克
g克
l升
ml毫升

months:

一月:January     简写:Jan

二月:February    简写:Feb

三月:March       简写:Mar

四月:April       简写:Apr.

五月:May         简写:May.

六月:June        简写:Jun.

七月:July        简写:Jul.

八月:August      简写:Aug.

九月:September   简写:Sep.

十月:October     简写:Oct.

十一月:November  简写:Nov.

十二月:December  简写:Dec.

weeks:
星期一:Mon.=Monday
星期二:Tues.=Tuesday
星期三:Wed.=Wednesday
星期四:Thur.=Thursday
星期五:Fri.=Friday
星期六:Sat.=Saturday
星期七:Sun.=Sunday

A Can you match the words with their abbreviations?Write the correct letter in each box.
a CD     b kg      c PC      d PRC      e UN      f WWW
1 the People's Republic of China
2 the United Nations
3 compact disc
4 personal computer
5 World Wide Web
6 kilogram
Exercise
B Match the common abbreviations in column A with their meanings in column B.Use your dictionary to help you.
1 e.g.          a and so on
2 etc.          b the United States of America
3 hr(s)         c number
4 i.e.          d for example
5 No.           e that is,in other words
6 cm            f hour(s)
7 USA           g centimetre
Abbreviation challenge
Use abbreviations to replace the words and phrases where necessary?
In the room,there is a compact disc,the National Flag of the People's Republic of China.
a personal computer,and so on.The computer is 30 centimetres wide and has been on for 24 hours.In other words,it has been on for too long.

A writing game
Write a verse about your classmates
You are going to write a verse about your class.Follow the following two steps to finish your verse.
Step 1
Rules of the game
use four lines to describe 4 students from the class
the description must be typical about somebody
call them "A","B","C" and "D"
make sure the four lines have same rhyme
check to see if the verse make sense
Step 2
Write the verse
Now write your verse about your classmates.
Use the example below to help you.
A never says a word in class
And B often leaves his seat.
C likes to clean the blackboard
And D is always very neat.

Make it a poem
Put your verse into the poem on page 99.Don't forget to give a title to the poem.
Read and guess
B Read your poem to the class.They can try to guess who A,B,C and D are.

More practice
Read the poem and answer the questions below.
Helping hands
The Sun comes up,I start my day.I get my broom and I'm on my way.I clean up things that people drop,From dawn to sudk,I never stop.I sweep the streets,and make them clean,And help keep our city green.
Night is falling,the sky is dark,.The only sounds are dogs that bark.We drive along the streets all night To stop thieves and those who fight.It's a dangerous job,but we're brave.We help keep our city safe.
Who are the people in the poem?
A street cleaner and the policemen.
When do they usually start work?
The street cleaner usually starts work when the Sun comes up.
The policemen usualy start work when night is falling and the sky is dark.
What do they do for their work?
The street cleaner sweeps the streets and makes them clean.
The policemen drive along the streets all night to stop thieves and those who fight.
What do they think of their work?
The street cleaner thinks he helps keep the city cleam.
The policemen think they help keep the city safe.
What do you think of their work?
...

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周老师

女,中教中级职称

英语专业八级,优秀教师,在教学工作中,善用现代教育技术手段辅助教学,以提高课堂教学效率,教学成绩突出。

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