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五年级英语下册Unit 4《What's wrong with you?》(Lesson 21)

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五年级英语下册Unit 4《What's wrong with you?》(Lesson 21) 
Lesson 21
Just talk
Kate goes to the doctor with her mother.She sees many children there.
Some of them have a fever.Some of them have a headache.They are waiting outside
the doctor's room.Now it's Kate's turn.May I have your name?My name is Kate.
How old are you,Kate?I'm eleven.What's wrong with you?I have a fever and a headache.
Open your mouth.Say,"Ah"You have a bad cold.You should take some medicine and stay in bed.
You should drink more water.Can I go to school tomorrow?No.You should take a good rest.
I hope you will get well soon.Thank you,Doctor.
Kate goes to the doctor with her mother.
凯特和她的妈妈一起去看医生。
She sees many children there.
在那里她看见许多孩子。
Some of them have a fever.Some of them have a headache.
他们中一些孩子发烧了。
一些孩子头痛。
They are waiting outside the doctor's room.Now it's Kate's turn.
他们正在医生的房间外面等待。
现在轮到凯特了。
May I have your name?
我可以知道你的名字吗?
My name is Kate.
我的名字叫凯特。
How old are you,Kate?
你多大了,凯特?
I'm eleven.
我十一岁。
What's wrong with you?
你怎么了?
如何询问“你怎么了?”
What's wrong with you?
课文应用
What's wrong with you?
你怎么了?
句型结构
What's wrong with...?
重点讲解
此句型用来询问对方出现了什么状况,是医生和护士询问病人病情时最常用的句型。
重点讲解
此句型是由what引导的特殊疑问句。
wrong是形容词,意为“不正常的;有毛病的。”
介词with后接某人,如果接人称代词,要用人称代词的宾格形式。
生活实例
星期一的早晨,已经六点半了,David还没起床,究竟发生了什么事?
妈妈和他说了些什么呢?让我们来看一看:
David,please get up!What's wrong with you?
戴维,起床了!你怎么了?
Mum,I have a headache.
妈妈,我头疼。
知识拓展
What's wrong with sb./sth.?
有时我们会询问他人或者事物的状况,这时就可以把“What's wrong with you?”
中的you换成他人或事物。
知识拓展
其句型结构为:
What's wrong with sb./sth.?
What's wrong with his bike?
他的自行车怎么了?
It is broken.
它坏了。
What's wrong with you?的同义句
询问对方的状况有多种英文表达,让我们来看一看这些常用的表达方式吧!
What's wrong?
What's the matter with you?
What's up?
What's the trouble with you?
What's the problem witn you?
I have a fever and a headache.
I have a bad headache.
课文应用
I have a bad headache.
我头疼。
句型结构
主语+have/has a/an+疾病名称。
重点讲解
此句型中,have表示“生病”,
后面常跟表示疾病的名词。
当主语为第三人称单数时,have要变为has。
当表示疾病的名词以元音音素开头时,冠词要用an。
重点讲解
Mary生病了,她没有去上学。她和老师请假时这样说的:
I have a flu.I can't go yo school today.
我得了流行性感冒,今天不能去上学了。
OK.Take good care of yourself.
好的。照顾好你自己。
知识拓展
除了have之外,还有一些词也可以表示“生了....病”;
1)take,catch均可以表示“生病”,且有“感染”之意
美国人多用take,英国人用catch
Tom takes a cold easily.
汤姆易患感冒。
2)get也可以作“生病”讲,后接表示疾病的名词。
My uncle gets a flu.
我叔叔患了流行性感冒。
知识链接
常见的表示生病的短语
have a cold感冒
have a toothache牙疼
have a flu得了流行性感冒
have a fever发烧
have a sore throat嗓子疼
have stomachache胃疼
Open your mouth.Say,"Ah"
张开你的嘴,说“啊...”。
You have a bad cold.
你得了重感冒。
You should take some medicine and stay in bed.
你应该吃点儿药并待在床上。
You should drink more water.
你应该喝更多的水。
Can I go to school tomorrow?
明天我能去上学吗?
No.You should take a good rest.
I hope you will get well soon.
不能。你应该好好休息。
我希望你将很快好起来。
Thank you,Doctor.
谢谢你,医生。
2 You should have a good rest.
4 You should stay in bed.
1 You should go to the hodpital.
6 You have to take some medivine.
5 You have to see a doctor.
3 You have to drink more water.
take some medicine
move your kness
stay in bed
lower your head
drink more water
Ask and answer
What's wrong with Su Hai?..
What should she do?...
What's wrong with Mike?...
Why does he have a toothache?..
What should he do?...
Ask and answer
What's wrong with Su Hai?
She has a headache and a fever.
What should she do?
She should have a rest at home.
She should take some medicine and drink more warm water.
What's wrong with Mike?
He has a toothache.He can't eat anything.
Why does he have a toothache?
Because he eats too many sweets.
What should he do?
He should brush his teeth in the morning and before bedtime.
homework
1、听录音,熟读本课对话。
2、清楚完整地表达自己身体的感受。
3、总结所学表示身体不舒服的英语说法,
知道生病时的注意事项。
4、完成《活动手册》相关练习。

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