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七年级英语上册Module 3 Unit 2《The library is on the left of the playground.》

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七年级英语上册Module 3 Unit 2《The library is on the left of the playground.》

Revision
  Complete the passage according to Unit 1.
  Linda and Daming are talking about their classes.In linda's school,there are (thirty) students in a class.And in her classroom,there is(a map of England)and (some pictures).And there is a(computer)on her teacher's desk.
  In Daming's class,there are twenty (boys) and twenty girls.There aren't (any)pictures.There is a map of the world in his classroom.
Fill in the blanks with there is/there are/Is there/are there/there isn't.
  There's a school in Park Street,and next to the school (there is)a small park.In the park (there is)a children's playground.(There is)also a shop.
  (There is)a post office and (there is)a library,too.(There are)some restaurants and a cinema.(Is there)a gym?No,(there isn't).How many cinemas(are there)in your town?How many school (are there)?
Read Betty's words,and write her classmates' names on their desks.
behind  between    in frount of    on the right
  In the classroom,Daming's on the right.Gao Yan's in front of Daming and between Zhao Feng and Li Min.
  Lingling is behind Zhao Feng.
Pair work
Ask and answer where your classmates are with behind,in front of,between,and on the right.
A:Where is Betty?
B:She is behind Li Min.
1.behind
behind作介词,表示“在...后面”,“在...背后”,指位置的前后
如:The national stadium is located behind the hill.
国家运动场在山岗的后面。
The sun is now behind the clouds.
现在太阳正躲在云层后面。
There is something behind his suggestion.
他的建议言外之意。
A cat came out from behind the door.
有一只猫从门背后出来。
behind 还可以做副词,意思是“在后、较迟、落后”。如:
Take care not to leave anything behind.
别遗留什么东西。
They are far behind in their preparation.
他们准时过迟。
He came five minutes behind.
他迟来五分钟。
The clock runs behind.
钟表慢了。
【拓展】
after与behind 的用法及区别辨析:
两者均可表示“在...之后”,其区别是:
1. after 主要用于时间或次序,behind 主要用于位置;
He decided to leave after lunch.
他决定午饭后离开。
Summer comes after spring.
春去夏来。
The hospital is behind the post office.
医院在邮局后面。
【注意】
behind 有时也用于时间,表示“迟于",主要用于behind time (迟,晚)这一习语:
The train was 20 minutes behind time.
火车晚点20分钟。
2.两者都可用于引申义,after侧重指追求、寻找、模仿等;而behind 则侧重指在背后、支持、落后等;
The police are after her.
警察在追捕他。
Many young people are after her.
许多年轻人都追求她。
We are behind you completely.
我们完全支持你。
He is behind the others in maths.
他的数学不如别人。
【拓展】
在下列情况,between可用于三者
(1)当两个以上的人或物用and连接时。
between A,B and C     在A、B和C之间
(2)涉及事物之间的区别或各国之间的关系时。
the difference between the three of them
他们三者之间的区别。
the relations between various countries
各国之间的关系
Listen and label the map of the school.

Read and answer the questions.
1.How many buildings are there in the school?
There are six buildings.
2.What's on the right of the library?
It's the playground.
3.What's in the library?
There are many books,maps and computers.
4.How many classrooms are there in the classroom building?
There are 24 classrooms.
5.Where are the computer rooms and science labs?
They are in the science buildings.
Read the passage again and complete the sentences.
1.The library is (in front of)the school offices.
2.The library is (near)the school gate.
3.The classroom building is (between)the school offices (and )the dining hall.
4.The science building is (in front of)the sport hall.
5.The dining hall is (on the right of)the classroom building.
6.The school offices are (behind)the library.
7.The sport hall is (between)the science building (and)the dining hall.
8.The science labs are (in front of)the sports hall.
Language point
In front of the dining hall is the sports hall and the building in front....
in front of 意为“在...前面”,表示位置关系,其后可以接名词或代词,指的是某人或物外部的前面,其反义词是behind 在...后面
There is a garden in front of the house.
在房子的前面有一个花园。
He sits in front of me.
他坐在我的前面,
Can you see a red car in front of that house?
你能看到那所房子前面的一辆红色汽车吗?
[Practice]
选用方框内合适的单词或短语填空。
in front of, in the front of ,behind
1.There is a car(in front of)my house.
2.The cat is (behind)the door.You can't see it.
3.The blackboard is (in the front of)the classroom.
There be句型的特殊疑问句形式
There be句型的特殊疑问句有以下三种形式
1.对主语提问:当主语是人时,用“Who's +介词短语?”当主语是物时,用“What's+介词短语?”。其中there在口语中常常省略。注意:无论原句的主语时单数还是复数,对其提问时一般都用be的单数形式(回答时却要根据实际情况来决定)。如:
There is a bird in the tree.
→ What's in the tree?
There are some bikes over there.
→ What's over there?
There is a little girl in the room.
→ Who is in the room?
2.对地点状语提问:用"Where is/are+主语?”表示(注意其答语变化)。如:
There is a computer (in my office).
→ Where is the computer?
—It's in my office.
There are four children (in the classroom).
→ Where are the four children?
—They're in the classroom.
3.对数量提问:一般有两种提问方式。如果主语时可数名词,无论是单数还是复数,都用“How many+可数名词复数+are there+介词短语?”表示:
There are twelve months in a year.
→How many months are there in a year?
There is only one book in my bag.
→How many books are there in your bag?
There is a cat in the box.
→How many cats are there in the box?
如果主语是不可数名词,则用"How much+不可数名词+ is there+介词短语?表示:
There is some money in my purse.
→How much money is there in your purse?
Answer the questions.Use short forms.
1.-Where's the playground?
-(It's)in the middle of the school.
2.-Where are the science labs?
-(They're )in the science building.
3.-Is the library behind the sports hall?
-No,(it isn't.)
英语缩写形式
英语中,be动词的am,is,are常与主语进行缩写:
am缩写为'm,如:I am=I'm
is 一般缩写为 's   如:he is=he's,is is=it's
are 一般缩写为 're,如:We are=we're,you are=you're  they are=they're
We are Chinese.=We're Chinese.
我们是中国人。
be动词的is,are常与否定词not 进行缩写,am 与not 连用不缩写,如:
is not=isn't   are not=aren't
常见的英语缩写形式有:
I'm=I am   she's=she is   he's=he is   it's=it is    we're=we are  you're=you are   they're=they are   there's=there is    there're=there are   that's=that is  Sam's a student.(Sam's=Sam is 是)
isn't=is not   aren't=are not   what is=what's    who is=who's   where is=where's
Read these sentences.Pay attention to the short forms.
1.The library is next to the classroom.
It's next to the classrooms.
2.The science lab is behind the library.
It's behind the library.
3.Is the science lab in front of the library?
No,it isn't.
Use the short forms to answer the questions.
1.Where's the bibrary?(It's)in front of the science lab.
2.Where are the offices?(They're)in front of the classrooms.
3.Are the classrooms next to the science lab?No,(they aren't)
4.Is the gym next to the classroom?No,it isn't).
Work in pairs.Ask and answer your riend questions to describe your school.

 

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