首页 > 外研社 > 初一 > 英语(外研社3-12年级) > 上学期 > 正文

七年级英语上册Module 4 Unit 1《We've got lots of apples.》

点赞 收藏 评价 测速
课堂提问

课程内容:

《We've got lots of apples.》
 Can you tell me some vegetables?
 tomato
 tomatoes
 potato
 potatoes
Look at the meat.Can you say the names of the meat?
chicken
beef
Can you tell me some drinks?
可数名词与不可数名词
 普通名词所表示的人或事物是可以按个数计算的,这类名词叫可数名词。
可数名词分为个休名词(表示某类人或事物中的个体,如worker,farmer,desk,factory等)和集体名词(表示作为一个整体来看的一群人或一些事物,如people,family,police等。)如果普通名词所表示的事物是不能按个数来计算的,这类名词就叫不可数名词。不可数名词分为物质名词(表示无法分为个体的物质,如meat,rice,water,milk,orange等)和抽象名词(表示动词、状态、情况、品质等抽象概念,如work,homework,time,health,friendship等)。
  可数名词
可数名词有单数和复数两种形式。指一个人或一件事物时,用单数形式,指两个或多个人或事物时用复数形式。名词由单数形式变成复数形式的规则如
下:
1.一般的名词词尾直接加-s如:book-books    room-rooms
2.以s,ss,ch,sh,x结尾的名词,在词尾加-es。如:
bus-buses    glass-glasses
watch-watches
dish-dishes
box-boxes
3.以辅音字母+y结尾的名词,要先将y改为i再加-es如:
city-cities      body-bodies
factory-factories
4.以f或fe结尾的名词,要将f或fe改为v再加-es。如:
half-halves      heaf-leaves
knife-knives     wife-wives
5.不规则变化
1)child-children
2)man-men woman-women
policeman-policemen
3)tomato-tomatoes
  potato-potatoes
初中英语以0结尾的名词变复数时只有这两个词加-es其余的加-s如:
4)foot-feet   tooth-teeth
oo变成ee
5)sheep,Chinese,Japanese单、复数同形变复数时词形不变
6)people 单数形式表示复数意义,要求谓语动词用复数:people的复数形
式people通常指“多个民族”。
不可数名词
1.不可数名词没有复数,当它作句的主语时,谓语动词要用单数形式。如:
The food is very fresh.食品很新鲜。
2.有的不可数名词也可以作可数名词,有复数形式,但他们的意义往往发生
变化。如:water水-waters水域
orange橘汁-oranges橘子
3.很多的不可数名词表示泛指时为不可数,表示种类时就可数,意义大多不
发生变化。如;
fruit-fruits   food-foods
fish-fishes     hair-hairs
Practice
1.How many_(sheep)are there on the hill?
2.There is some___(food)in the basket.
3.The baby has only two_____(tooth)now.
4.There is a lot of ______(water)in the bottle.
5.There are five ______(people)in his family.
6.Let's take_____(photo)here.
7.I have lots of _______(tomato)here
8.The______(leaf)on the tree turn yellow.
9.The______(child)are playing games on the playground now.
10.Their_______(dictionary)look new.
11.I see you have a few white_______(hair)
12.They are_____(woman)doctors.
13.Can you give me some bottles of ______(orange),please?
14.There are many_______(fox)in the picture.
15.I would like some apple _______(juice)I am very thirsty.
Listen and check the food and drink Betty and her mother have got.
apples  juice beans
milk   beef   oranges
carrots    potatoes     chicken
tea coffee  tomatoes
cola water
Listen  and answer
How may kinds of things have they got?
Listen again and decide true or false.
1.They've got some milk.
2.They haven't got any meat.
3.They haven't got any coffee.
4.They ahve got some cola.
5.They have got some tea.
please fill in the blanks with some or any
1.I have _____books in English.
2.They Can't see______juice in the bottle.
3.Has Amy got______friends at school?
4.Can I drink _____water,Mum?
5.We can ask_____questions in our Chinese class.
意为“一些”时,some 常用于肯定句,any常用于否定句和疑问句。但当
any意为任何一个(一些),起强调作用时,用于肯定句中。
if there is any trouble,please let me know如遇到麻烦,请告诉我。
在表示请求、建议或期望得到对方的肯定回答的疑问句中,要用some,此种
情况多用于Can I ..../Would you like....?的句型中。
Look at some pictures and discuss.
Have we got a /any......?
Yes.we've got one/some....
Have we got a /an/any....?
Suppose a friend is coming for dinner.
You and your family are talking about the food and drink.
Exercises
用适当的单词形式填空。
1.Too much_______(巧克力)is bad for your healthy.
2.Help yourself to some______(西红柿)
3.Please give me a kilo of _____(牛肉)
4.There is ______(一个)onion in the bag.
5.The rabbits love to eat_______(胡萝卜)

此内容正在抓紧时间编辑中,请耐心等待

黄老师

女,中教中级职称

在教学中,不断探索灵活、高效的教学方法,热爱教育工作,真诚,有责任心。

评论

点此登录 后即可畅所欲言

联系我们 成为合伙人 版权说明 帮助中心 在线客服

©2016 同桌100 All Rights Reserved